What is PRP treatment? How does it help to manage pain?

Platelet-rich plasma protein or PRP treatment has become an emerging solution for many health issues, which is thought to be incurable. Many famous sports personalities are using this method to treat health issues related to bones and joints. This article helps you in improving your understanding about Platelet Rich Plasma protein treatment.

What is PRP?

Platelet-rich plasma is also known as autologous conditioned plasma. PRP contains super-concentrated platelet-rich blood plasma protein without red blood cells. PRP is rich in several growth factors and components to promote healing of tissue damage. These factors help to speed up the healing process in tissues within a few months.

What is the advantage of PRP treatment?

PRP treatment is a permanent and non-surgical method used to cure joint pains, arthritis, ligament tear and tendon tear. The main advantages are

  • PRP is not like the conventional pain injection treatment that does not last for a long time.
  • PRP treatment utilizes the body’s own healing mechanisms and the method does not contain any substance that is not from the patient’s own body. Therefore, treatment involves very fewer consequences and fast curing of the condition.
  • The patient can go back to a painless life within weeks after the treatment.
  • Treatment helps people to avoid surgeries in several critical medical conditions.
  • No anaesthesia is needed.
  • You don’t have to stay in the hospital
  • The treatment consumes very less time.

What are the conditions where PRP is used?

  • Back and neck pain
  • Arthritis of the joints
  • Foot and ankle pain
  • Ligament, cartilage, & tendon injuries
  • Rotator cuff injuries
  • Tennis and golfer’s elbow

How to prepare PRP?

PRP preparation involves the centrifugation of patients’ blood. Manufacturing kits are available in the market and preparation is carried out by the clinic prior to the treatment.

  1. Collection of patient’s blood from the arm.
  2. Centrifuge the blood in a centrifuge machine. Centrifuge works by separating substances based on the density.
  3. Centrifuged blood will contain three layers of blood contents. the three layers are as follows
  • Platelet-poor plasma
  • Platelet-rich plasma
  • Red blood cells
  1. Layer with platelet-rich plasma is isolated without disturbing the other two layers.

What are the procedures of the PRP treatment?


PRP treatment consists of a countable number of steps and it involves

  • Extraction of patient’s blood and isolating PRP
  • Addition of thrombin and calcium chloride to increase the concentration of growth factors.
  • Sample is injected into the area of pain or injury.


How long does it take to carry out the procedure?

PRP treatment is an outpatient method and it takes only a couple of hours. Blood collection, sample preparation and injection all together take very less time. You do not have to take rest after the injection and you can even go to your office on the same day of the treatment.

Do I need to repeat the procedure?

It depends on the patient’s condition and severity of the disease. Your doctor is the best person you to clear the doubts about the procedures. Usually, most of the people get relief just after a single injection treatment. In others, it is observed that two-three rounds of injections are needed to get relief.  The one thing you have to remember is that the treatment involves distributing essential factors needed for the regeneration of tissues at the specific sites. Therefore, the result may vary from person to person based on their healing capacity.

What should I expect as the result?

Pain reduces within weeks of the treatment and a gradual decrease in the pain is observed in the following months. If it does not show the expected result then injection is repeated. The MRI or ultrasound scanning can verify the healing of the soft tissue.


December 27, 2018 Orthopedics , , , , ,
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