Non Invasive Surgical Techniques For Kidney Stone Removal
This article explains the causes of kidney stone and the latest non-invasive techniques against it.
Kidney stones are the small masses of crystalline minerals deposited in the kidney. These masses travel through urinary tract causing acute pain and bleeding in the abdomen. The medical name of this condition is renal calculi. Majority of kidney stones are made up calcium stones. Other chemical compounds that can form stones are magnesium, ammonium phosphate, and the amino acid crystalline. It may vary in size. Depends on the size of the stone it may pass through urine unnoticed, but sometimes stones may cause extreme pain in abdomen when it passes. The condition having kidney stone is known as Nephrolithiasis. Treatment like surgery is only needed if the stone is 9 mm or more in size.
There are plenty of non-invasive surgical techniques for the kidney stone. One of the most important and easy technique to avoid kidney stone is to drink sufficient water every day. One in every 20 persons may develop kidney stones in his or her lifetime.
CAUSES OF KIDNEY STONE
Dehydration and decrease in the amount of urine ejected are some of the main reasons for kidney stone formation. Deposition of stone forming substance in the body can also be the cause of kidney stone. Chronic diseases like blood pressure, sugar, inflammatory bowl diseases, gout like medical conditions, a specific type of diet, hereditary reasons or even continues medication can become a reason for the kidney stone. Those who have undergone intestinal bypass or ostomy surgery are also at a high risk for the kidney stone.
SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY STONE
The kidney stone is symptoms less until it moves to the urethra. Heavy pain in the abdomen and blood in the urine are the major symptoms of kidney stone. Blood in the urine may contain white blood cells or pus and the amount of urine will decrease. Burning sensation will feel while passing urine. There will be persistent thought to be urinated. Kidney stone also accompanies vomiting, nausea and heavy fever.
TREATMENT FOR KIDNEY STONE
Ample intake of water will help to pass kidney stones eventually while passing urine. Injections and oral medicines also help to control the pain and be used to increase the passage rate of kidney stones. These medications include Calcium channel blockers such as nifedipine, alpha blockers such as tamsulosin. These medicines are referred to specific patients who cannot pass stone through urine. When normal methods are not successful surgical methods are necessary to remove the stone. There are invasive and non-invasive techniques to remove the kidney stone. Minimal invasive technique depends on the size of the stone and health condition of the patient. Some of the non-invasive techniques are given below.
- Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (E S W L)
This method gives unilateral strong shock waves to the stone. This method does not need even an incision in the body. It is the only complete non-invasive treatment for kidney stones (no incision or internal telescopic device is required). In these methods, the stone will break to small pieces and passes through urine without giving much trouble. Machines like X-ray are used to execute shock waves.
This method is usually proffered if the stone is very large. Surgery takes from 30 minutes to two hours. It can be done as an outpatient procedure and patient will be normal and get back to daily activities in two to three days. In this method, a small telescope-like instrument called ureteroscope will be inserted into the urethra. Then depending on the size of stone it may be removed wholly or convert into fragments before passed through urine or removed manually. There are three or more types of Ureteroscopy.
- Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is minimal invasive technique. And this one is usually opted for medium size stones and if the stone cannot pass on their own. Through a small incision made by a surgeon in the middle back, a scope like thin tube will insert. Then the stone will break and will be removed.
Drinking sufficient water is the best preventive measure and cure for the kidney stone. Nourishing your body with sufficient water will prevent salt accumulation. This will also decrease urine intensity and increase its flow which will help to break and remove smaller stones.