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What is Acute Unilateral Obstructive Uropathy?

Obstructive uropathy is the condition where there is a blockage in the urinary tract. This hindrance prevents urine from leaving the kidney. The urinary tract includes ureter, urethra, urinary bladder, and kidneys. A sudden blockage occurs in the urinary tract and which affects only one kidney is commonly known as acute unilateral obstructive uropathy. The amount of urine and serum creatinine will be the same since it affects only one kidney. However, when both the kidneys are damaged the conditions become worse.

What causes Acute Unilateral Obstructive Uropathy?

The common cause of obstructive uropathy is the kidney stone. A relatively huge kidney stone stays in any part of the urethra blocks the path of urine. Tumorous growth of any organ adjacent to kidneys like colon, cervix or bladder can be also a cause. Damaged tissues inside the urinary tract can also block the urine flow. Men with prostate gland enlargement are at high risk of the condition.

What are the symptoms of Acute Unilateral Obstructive Uropathy?

  • Pain:pain occurs in the abdomen and back if the reason is kidney stone. The pain occurs in the side based on which the kidney is affected. There will be a sudden intense pain for a short period. Pain occurs continuously when the condition worsens.
  • Changes in the appearance of urine such as;

Blood in urine, Foal smelling urine and Dark yellow or brown urine

  • Nausea
  • High blood pressure
  • Vomiting
  • Fever

Complications of Acute Unilateral Obstructive Uropathy

When the urine flow is blocked the urine stays inside the kidney. A continues pressure in the kidneys can damage them. A condition known as hydronephrosis due to the water retention in the kidney can also be the complications. Any block or damage in the urinary tract can cause infection to the tract. Infection can cause complications like sepsis and kidney failure.

How is the condition diagnosed?

The basic method to diagnose the disease is a physical examination. Based on the pain the kidney with dysfunction can be identified. Other professional techniques include

  • CT scan of the abdomen
  • Urine analysis
  • Renal Scan
  • Ultrasound scanning of the abdomen
  • Intravenous pyelogram

What are the treatments?

For temporary relief, urine has to be drained out of the kidney. The doctor uses a stent to remove persisting urine. To avoid recurrence the cause has to be treated. In the case of kidney stone, the stone is removed through surgery or laparoscopy. For patients with prostate enlargement, some training is practiced to avoid further pressure on the urinary tract. Surgical removal of the tumor will need if the cause is a cancerous growth. Infection is treated with antibiotics.

Home remedies to prevent Acute Unilateral Obstructive Uropathy

There is a high risk of recurrence of the disease. Therefore, patients have to take extra care to avoid kidney stone.

  • Drinking five to eight glasses of water per day. If you are in high risk of kidney stone, you will need to consume more water as prescribed by your doctor.
  • Reduce the level of sodium in your food. The high amount of sodium in the body can cause kidney stone
  • Reduce the intake of oxalates since the kidney stone is made of oxalates. Food with a higher amount of oxalates is soy products, spinach, blackberries, beets, etc.

 

February 10, 2019 Uncategorized
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