How does Uncontrolled Sugar Levels Lead to Kidney disorders?
Diabetes also is known as diabetes mellitus is a condition where the body does not produce enough insulin or the incapability of the body to not use the insulin properly. The hormone insulin regulates the glucose levels. Even small variations in the sugar level could affect your body in many ways.
There are mainly two types of diabetes. Type 1 and type 2 are the classification of diabetes. Usually, diabetes occurring in children are type 1. Type 1 is also known as juvenile onset diabetes mellitus or insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus. Pancreas lacks the production of insulin which results in taking insulin injections throughout the life. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in people above the age of 40. So type 2 diabetes is also known as adult onset diabetes mellitus or non- insulin diabetes mellitus. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin but the body doesn’t use it properly. When your blood glucose level is high you could reduce the level by maintaining a diet or by medication, some could even need to take insulin. African Americans, Asian Americans, American Indians and Latin Americans get type 2 diabetes most prevalently.
When diabetes occurs the blood vessels may get injured. If the blood vessels in kidneys are affected, then the activity of kidneys get reduced and the purification process may not occur properly. Thus more salt and water may get accumulated in the body and the man should result in weight gain and ankle swelling. Thus waste materials get accumulated in the kidneys. Diabetes could also result in damaging of nerves. Thus it becomes difficult for the urinary bladder to completely empty. Thus this pressure may result in kidney damages. When the bladder is not emptied fully, the remaining urine could cause infection by which the bacteria in urine spreads.
Kidney failure could be caused by both the types of diabetes. About 30% of type 1 diabetic patients and 10-40% of type 2 diabetic patients could get kidney failure. One of the earliest signs of diabetic kidney disease is the increased excretion of albumin in the urine. Weight gain, ankle swelling also occur. One will use the bathroom more at night. Blood pressure will be high when checked. When kidney failure occurs, your blood urea nitrogen (BUN) may increase along with the level of creatinine. Nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, weakness increased fatigue, itching, muscle cramps, anaemia could also occur. One may also feel that you are needing less amount of insulin or anti-diabetic medications. One may appear paler.
If you are having diabetes you are more likely to get affected by kidney disorders if you smoke and are overweight. If you are not following your diabetic diet it may result in kidney disorders. If you are not active and have heart disease then kidney disorders may affect easily. Your food should contain more amount of salt. Now if you are having a family history of kidney failure then it increases the chance.
If you are having diabetes it is important to get away from kidney disorders. It is very much important to regulate your blood glucose and blood pressure levels. Overall health could be maintained by keeping a healthy diet, lifestyle habits and taking medicines as prescribed. For reaching your blood glucose level goal, it would be helpful if you do A1C test. This test let you know the variation in blood glucose level for past three months. It is important to set your blood pressure level goal to below 140/90 if you are a diabetic patient. ACE inhibitors and ARBs maintain your blood pressure level. Healthy lifestyle habits are important to maintain blood pressure and blood glucose levels optimum. It is important to consume the prescribed medicines up to the given course.
Now we had understood that how the uncontrolled sugar levels lead to kidney disorders and all. To maintain the blood pressure and blood glucose levels are very important. It is important to follow the healthy diet and healthy lifestyle. Thus one could avoid kidney disorders.