Poly-cystic Ovarian Disease(PCOD)- Signs, Symptoms & Treatment



Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) or Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is easily diagnosed in patients. A typical PCOD is of having irregular menstrual cycles which are unpredictable and heavy. On this period, menstruation is induced by hormonal tablets (progestin). Patients suffering from PCOD are often obese and they may have hirsutism (excessive facial hair and body hair) which is the result of high androgen levels. All those having these signs may not have PCOD.


  • Menstrual irregularities(It includes abnormal menstruation, the absence of menstruation, heavy menstruation, irregular menstruation, light and short menstruation or spotting).
  • Acne on oily skins.
  • HirsutismExcess
  • Excessive hair fall from scalp
  •  Weight disorders( Maybe obese, overweight or may gain more weight.)
  •  Insulin resistance
  • Infertility
  • May have dark patches on skin folds or creases
  • Depression.
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Treatment for PCOD


There are various treatments for PCOD. Some include taking birth control pills for regular periods, for diabetes prevention, some take the medication called metformin, for cholesterol controlling statins are taken, hormones are used for increased fertility and some include procedures to remove excess hair on body and face.

The treatment includes self-care. Physical exercise is necessary for better aerobic respiration, it must be within 20-30 minutes 5 days a week. This could improve your cardiovascular health. By various ways, weight loss should be done. This could avoid the risk of getting obese and improves cardiovascular health. By electric current used in the method of electrolysis, the excessive hair could be removed.

Also, there are certain medications to follow. Anti-diabetic medication could control your diabetics (sugar) level on the body. Statin medication could reduce harmful cholesterol production of the liver. Hormones effectively affect the body processes by the better regulation of organ activities. Hair growth inhibitors could be used for the prevention of excessive hair growth.


From the context of Ayurveda, PCOD refers to the vitiation of ‘rasa’ and ‘rakta dhatus’. In this, when the impurity and toxin levels increase on ‘rasa’ and ‘rakta dhatus’, the body stores them by forming cysts on the ovarian walls. Thus if there are multiple cysts on ovary it indicates the presence of high amount of impurities on ‘dhatus’. The imbalance of all the three ‘doshas’ is indicated by the signs and symptoms of PCOD. In some patients there exists ‘Dhatwagnimandya’. A common reason for affecting PCOD is by having a long history of improper diet and lifestyle. Increased use of hormonal and contraceptive pills are also the other similar reason seen among patients. Lack of physical exercise and mental stress are seen commonly among women. These ineffective habits could eventually lead you to a PCOD patient.

Concluding, there are some signs and symptoms of PCOD disease. By examining them clearly, one could avoid PCOD. Whenever the disease is affected on your body, there are certain treatments for the cure. Better utilisation of the treatments also in Ayurvedic level, PCOD could be cured.

January 24, 2018 Gynecology , ,
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