PCOD and Infertility
PCOD or Polycystic Ovarian Disease is a condition caused by hormonal imbalance. Women affected with PCOD have ovaries generally 2-3 times larger than normal size and shows no signs of recent ovulation. The syndrome produces hormones like androgen and estrogen in excess, which leads to many health issues in women. This excess hormone production and absence of ovulation can even cause infertility. And of course, one bigger challenge of today’s women are fertility problems.
Infertility means the inability of a person to reproduce. More clearly, Infertility is a condition of women not being able to get pregnant after the normal period of trying (1 year or 6 months if she is 35 or older). Most cases of infertility in women are caused by issues with ovulation. These ovulation issues are caused by Polycystic Ovarian Disease. And that’s how infertility and PCOD are connected within.
Let’s look at some of the causes and symptoms of PCOD.
- Insulin inducing diet – Women with PCOD are often found to have higher insulin levels than normal. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas; this organ helps the cells in our body to convert glucose into energy. And thus, deficiency of the hormone, as well as a too high level of the same, causes bodily problems. A notable point in the case of PCOD is high levels of insulin production results makes the ovaries to produce more androgen.
- Hormonal disturbances – To our wonder, PCOD is not actually an ovarian disease but a hormonal disease. As said earlier, one of the main reasons of PCOD is insulin resistance. When the body can’t absorb and handle blood sugar properly, hormone production imbalances. Any imbalance of hormone can ruin the overall health.
Weight gain – Women with a high level of male hormones and insulin are overweighed or obese. This changes their body structure, typically in the abdomen where men likely to carry weight. This results from women to have an apple shape instead of a pear shape.
Unnatural hair growth and hair loss – Woman start losing hair, especially around the frontal part of the scalp as the body produces excess male hormones. And the same hormones cause hirsutism, this is a condition of unnecessary hair growth in women. This results in appearing stiff and dark body hairs on the body where women usually don’t have hair. Such as face, chest and back.
- Stress – Depression and anxiety can affect one’s life physically, psychologically, and also socially. When it effects physically, this may disturb eating and sleeping pattern of a person. People with PCOD are so much conscious about their physical changes and this negatively affects mood.
As PCOD is a smaller version of PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome, there is not much to panic. But make sure that you do the necessary to overcome the state. Let’s check some diagnostic tips for PCOD.
- Proper medication – Treatment of Polycystic Ovary disease depends upon a patient’s primary concern. When some are conscious of fertility, some others are tensed of irregular cycles. If fertility is the primary concern, ovulation can be induced with Clomiphene citrate or Gonadotrophins, an oral fertility medication. If the latter is your concern along with oral contraceptive pills follow and healthy diet and regular exercise.
Weight loss – Keep yourself busy with physical activities. Regular exercise will help to lose weight and can improve insulin sensitivity. Thereby improving the frequency of ovulation and so as fertility.
- Healthy diet – Following a proper diet is so important simultaneously with proper exercise. Avoid processed and packaged food. Choose some fresh fruits, non-starchy vegetables such as broccoli, spinach and carrot, grains such as brown rice, whole wheat bread and oats.
Not only the women with PCOD but suggest all women eat wise, work out and have a healthy weight. Let’s help ourselves and each other to develop a world of beautiful healthy women.