Harmful effects of anaemia
When you are pale or tired without doing anything the doctor may ask you to check your blood haemoglobin (Hb) level. What is haemoglobin? It is nothing but a carrier protein present in our red blood cells (RBC). The important function of Hb is to deliver oxygen to tissues for metabolic processes and the protein is mainly made of iron.
What is the normal Hb level in blood?
It is different for men and women. The normal range of Hb in men is 13.5 g/dl and for women, it is 12 g/dl. This is because women lose during menstruation. When Level of Hb goes below the normal level, it is termed as anaemia. Many consider anaemia as a not so serious issue. However, the fact is that it can even lead to death when not treated properly.
Anaemia: reasons and symptoms
The common cause of anaemia is due to the deficiency of iron in the body. Sometimes our body fails to utilize the iron present in the blood or fails to produce enough RBC due to genetical issues. A decrease in Hb level disturbs the distribution of oxygen for body cells. This leads to a condition called anoxia. Anoxia effect the normal functioning of body cells since it is impossible to carry out cellular metabolism without enough oxygen. This is a dangerous situation to be treated and when left untreated cause several severe health issues.
Symptoms of anaemia include
- A headache
- Recurrent fever
- Shortening of breath
- Bleeding Gums
- Inability to concentrate
How to treat anaemia
Treatment of anaemia varies with respect to the cause. Iron deficiency anaemia can be treated by supplementing iron-rich foods like dates, pomegranates, leafy vegetables etc. when it is not due to iron deficiency extra supply of iron can cause iron toxicity a fatal condition.