Prostate Cancer-Symptoms & Cure
Prostate cancer is commonly seen among men. Prostate cancer affects the prostate gland. The prostate gland produces some semen fluids and controls urine in men. This gland is located in front of rectum below the bladder. It is a common type of cancer seen among men in and could be treated if found at the initial stages.
Your age is a main factor in getting cancer. As one gets older the risk of getting cancer increases. Men having more than 50 years are more likely to get affected by cancer. Your ethnic group also could determine whether you get affected by cancer or not. African- Caribbean and men of African descent are more likely to have prostate cancer.
The family history of people having prostate cancer increases the risk. Father or brother having prostate cancer at the age of 60 increases the risk. Also, a close female relative who had developed breast cancer could increase your risk of developing prostate cancer. Being obese could increase the risk. Men who exercise regularly have a low risk of prostate cancer. A diet containing a higher level of calcium could develop prostate cancer.
Until cancer has grown large enough to put pressure on the urethra, the symptoms won’t arise. Usually, symptoms are associated with urination. Frequent urination especially during night time. Needing to rush to the toilet is a symptom. Hesitancy or difficulty in starting to pee. Getting strained or needing more time for urination. Weak flow of urination. Getting a feeling such that even after urination the bladder is not emptied.
For many men, no treatment is required for curing prostate cancer. Active surveillance or watchful waiting could let you know whether the cancer is getting worse or you should get treated. Now if the cancer is spread, it is important to provide better treatment to improve the life expectancy and reduce the effect of symptoms.
A multidisciplinary team (MDT) should be provided for the cancer patient. This is a team of doctors and specialists who provide better care and treatment.
Watchful waiting is recommended often for older people. At the early stages when the symptoms are not evidently seen patient may lack treatments thus cancer may develop. Hormone medication and pain medication are usually used to control prostate cancer.
Radiotherapy kills the cancerous cells by passing radiations. For localised and locally advanced prostate cancer types this method is used for treatment. To slow the metastatic prostate cancer and relieving the symptoms one could depend on radiotherapy method. Short-term and long-term side effects are there for prostate cancer. Even when radical prostatectomy is done, there is a chance of getting prostate cancer again. Medication is helpful in these cases instead of surgery.
Brachytherapy is another type of treatment. It is a kind of radiotherapy. It is also known as internal or interstitial radiotherapy as the radiation is provided directly inside the prostate gland. Tiny radioactive seeds are implanted surgically into a tumour for providing radiations. This is the low- dose rate brachytherapy. If the radiations are passed through hollow thin needles then it is known as high- dose rate therapy.
Hormone therapy is a kind of treatment where it is used in combination with radiotherapy. For increasing the chance of a successful treatment, one should be recommended for hormone therapy before radiotherapy. For reducing the chances of cancerous cells running, radiotherapy is recommended before hormone therapy.
More curing methods such as Trans- Urethral Resection to the Prostate (TURP), High- Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU), Cryotherapy, Chemotherapy are presently done. Prostate cancer which is only caused by men have some symptoms, causes and more curing methods. It is important to consider the symptoms from the initial stage itself.